The Latin expression caput mundi, referring to the city of Rome, means “capital of the world“, and is related to the great extent reached by the Roman Empire such that – according to the point of view of imperial historians – the Capitoline city became the crossroads of all global political, economic and cultural activity.
Rome is one of the most iconic cities in the world and its importance in the history of humanity cannot be overstated. It has been the seat of power of many empires including the Roman Empire, the Kingdom of Italy and the Papal States. Rome is known for its rich cultural and architectural heritage, as well as its political and religious significance.
But why is called the “eternal city”? The poet Tibullus is credited by many scholars as the first to refer to Rome as “Urbs Aeterna,” which translates from Latin to the “Eternal City.”
Rome was founded in 753 BC by the legendary Romulus and Remus, twin sons of the war god Mars and a she-wolf. Since then, Rome has been the center of power for various civilizations including the Roman Republic, the Roman Empire and the Papal States. It has been the seat of the Roman Catholic Church since the 4th century and is one of the most important cultural, religious and political centers in the world. The city of Rome is filled with magnificent monuments, archaeological sites and art. The most famous sights include the Colosseum, the Pantheon, the Forum Romanum, the Trevi Fountain, the Spanish Steps and St. Peter’s Basilica. These landmarks are some of the most visited tourist attractions in the world and are symbolic of the city’s rich history. Rome is also home to many educational institutions, from the prestigious Sapienza University of Rome to the American University of Rome.
The city also hosts a variety of museums, galleries and libraries such as the Vatican Museums, the Capitoline Museums and the National Roman Museum. For centuries, Rome has been a major center of art and culture. It was home to the Renaissance and Baroque movements, which sparked a period of creative and scientific innovation. This period saw the emergence of renowned artists such as Michelangelo, Raphael and Caravaggio, who left their mark on the city.
Rome is known for its vibrant and delicious cuisine, and it’s no surprise that there’s something for everyone to enjoy! From traditional Italian dishes to innovative takes on classic recipes, you’ll find plenty of food to eat in Rome. Here are just some of the highlights:
Pizza: What list about food in Rome would be complete without pizza? Rome is known for its thin-crust pizzas, often served with a variety of toppings, from classic pepperoni to creative combinations. Carbonara: This traditional Roman dish consists of spaghetti, eggs, cheese, and bacon. It’s a simple yet flavorful dish that’s sure to satisfy your taste buds.
Gelato: No visit to Rome is complete without a scoop (or two!) of authentic Italian gelato. From classic flavors like pistachio and stracciatella to more unusual options like gorgonzola and basil, you’ll be spoiled for choice.
Cacio e pepe: Another classic Roman dish, this pasta dish is made with pecorino cheese, black pepper, and butter. It’s simple yet delicious, and a great choice for those looking for a light but satisfying meal. Tiramisu: This classic Italian dessert is made with ladyfingers, mascarpone cheese, and espresso. It’s creamy, sweet, and a great way to end a meal. These are just a few of the many delicious foods you can find in Rome. No matter what you’re in the mood for, you’ll be sure to find something to satisfy your cravings. Buon appetito!
Today, Rome is a bustling metropolis with a population of over 2.6 million. It is a major center of business and finance, as well as a vibrant tourist destination. With its rich history, vibrant culture and stunning architecture, Rome is a city like no other. It is a place of beauty, culture and significance that will continue to captivate visitors for many years to come.
If you would like to study abroad and truly understand Italian visit my website and book your homestay in Italy. I hope you find something here that will inspire you, challenge you, or just make you laugh.
Thanks for visiting and I hope you enjoy your stay!